Chemical Profiling of Farsetia aegyptia Turra and Farsetia longisiliqua Decne. and their Chemosystematic Significance


  • Mona M. Marzouk Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Ahmed Elkhateeb Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Mona El-Shabrawy Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Mai M. Farid Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Salwa A. Kawashty Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • El-Sayed S. AbdelHameed Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Sameh R. Hussein Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt


Flavonoids chemosystematics, Glucosinolates, LC-ESI-MS, Farsetia, Brassicaceae


The genus Farsetia Turra belongs to the family Brassicaceae Burnett and has approximately 30 accepted species distributed worldwide. Amongst them, Farsetia aegyptia Turra and Farsetia longisiliqua Decne. are two common species characteristic to the Egyptian flora. The present study considers the first characterization of the chemical constituents of F. longisiliqua aiming to compare with those identified from the medicinal species (F. aegyptia). Additionally, the chemosystematic relationships between the two studied species were evaluated and highlight the medicinal importance for F. longisiliqua. The chemical profiling of their aqueous methanol extracts were carried out using LC-ESI-MS technique and afforded 54 compounds belonging to different chemical groups. Flavonoids were the major constituents and were represented by 32 compounds (two C-glycosyl flavone, four flavones and 26 flavonols). Their structural variations and common constituents confirmed the chemosystematic significance of the two species.
Moreover, the flavonoid profiles showed major common constituents between the two investigated species, which predicted the medicinal importance of F. longisiliqua.

Author Biography

El-Sayed S. AbdelHameed, Department of Phytochemistry and Plant Systematics, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Giza, Egypt


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How to Cite

Marzouk, M. M., Elkhateeb, A., El-Shabrawy, M., Farid, M. M., Kawashty, S. A., AbdelHameed, E.-S. S., & Hussein, S. R. (2020). Chemical Profiling of Farsetia aegyptia Turra and Farsetia longisiliqua Decne. and their Chemosystematic Significance: Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 4(11), 953–960. Retrieved from