Effect of Thyme Essential Oil on Serum Lipid Profile and Renal Function in Meleagris gallopavo

http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i1.7

Authors

  • Fouzia Dahmani Laboratory of Plant and Animal Production and Agro-Industry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofaïl University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Karima El-Mouhdi Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques, Meknes, Morocco
  • Hajar El Omari Natural Resources Management and Development Team, Laboratory of Health and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Fatima El Kamari Laboratory of Natural Substances, Pharmacology, Environment, Modeling, Health and Quality of life, Faculty of Siences Dhar EL Mahraz, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
  • Amina Chlouchi National Higher School of Chemistry Kenitra, IUT, Morocco
  • Anjoud Harmouzi Organic chemistry, catalysis and environment laboratory, Sciences Faculty, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco 
  • Mouna Essadki Ministry of Education, Qualifying Secondary School Teacher, Morocco
  • Mohammed Piro Agronomic and Veterinary Institute IAV Hassan I, Morocco
  • Abdelfettah C. Benabdallah Fez Veterinary Practice,Morocco
  • Mohammed Ibriz Laboratory of Plant and Animal Production and Agro-Industry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofaïl University, Kenitra, Morocco

Keywords:

Turkeys, Serum parameters, Thymol, Thyme, Essential oils, Metabolic function

Abstract

Currently, aromatic plants and their extracts have become an interesting area of research as a means of improving animal health and productivity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of thyme essential oil (thymol) on key metabolic functions in turkeys. Twenty (20) wild female turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) aged 16 days were used for the study. The animals were divided into two groups of 10 turkeys each. Group 1 (control) were fed with the normal diet, while group 2 (treatment) had thyme essential oil added to their diet, and administered for 30 days. The body weights of the animals were monitored throughout the treatment duration. After the treatment period, renal function parameters and serum lipids were evaluated. The average weight of the animals in the treatment group was 1420 g, which was twice as high as that of the control (690 g). Supplementation of poultry diet with thyme essential oil reduced serum levels of total cholesterol (2.76 ± 0.08 g/L), triglycerides (1.90 ± 0.52 g/L), urea (3.91 ± 0.95 g/L), and creatinine (1.68 ± 0.61 g/L), compared to the control group which had higher serum total cholesterol (5.15 ± 0.46 g/L), triglycerides (4.93 ± 0.95 g/L), urea (8.75 ± 2.25 g/L), and creatinine (6.45 ± 0.56 g/L). The present study highlighted the beneficial effect of thyme essential oil by improving serum biochemical parameters in turkeys. Therefore, the use of thyme essential oil in poultry feed should be encouraged in order to improve poultry health and productivity.

Author Biographies

Fouzia Dahmani, Laboratory of Plant and Animal Production and Agro-Industry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofaïl University, Kenitra, Morocco

Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques, Fez, Morocco

Karima El-Mouhdi, Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques, Meknes, Morocco

Natural Resources Management and Development Team, Laboratory of Health and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

Hajar El Omari, Natural Resources Management and Development Team, Laboratory of Health and Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco

Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques, Meknes, Morocco

Amina Chlouchi, National Higher School of Chemistry Kenitra, IUT, Morocco

Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

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Published

2024-02-01

How to Cite

Dahmani, F., El-Mouhdi, K., El Omari, H., El Kamari, F., Chlouchi, A., Harmouzi, A., … Ibriz, M. (2024). Effect of Thyme Essential Oil on Serum Lipid Profile and Renal Function in Meleagris gallopavo: http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i1.7. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 8(1), 5765–5769. Retrieved from https://tjnpr.org/index.php/home/article/view/3382

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