Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmacological Surveys of <i>Cannabis sativa</i> (Beldiya Species) Use in the Provinces of Taounate and Al Hoceïma


  • Ali Mzali Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco
  • Adil M. Mahraz Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment (LIEME), Faculty of Science, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, 30003 Morocco
  • Abdessamad A. Benlabchir Laboratory of Phytochemistry, National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, B.P. 159, Taounate 34000, Morocco
  • Hanane Benzeid Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco
  • Abha C. Hassani Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco
  • Smail Amalich Laboratory of Phytochemistry, National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, B.P. 159, Taounate 34000, Morocco
  • Anass Doukkali Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco


Al Hoceïma, Taounate, Morocco, Traditional uses, Ethnobotanical, Cannabis sativa


Cannabis sativa (family Cannabaceae) is a plant of Asian origin, widely recognized for its psychoactive and therapeutic properties, which have been harnessed for recreational and medicinal purposes since ancient times. Currently, a number of scientific studies have investigated the medicinal value of Cannabis, while traditional knowledge regarding its therapeutic and cosmetic applications is steadily declining. This research project aimed to collect data on the traditional uses of Cannabis sativa in the provinces of Taounate and Al Hoceïma, located in Northern Morocco, by conducting an ethnobotanical survey. Eighty-five structured questionnaires were distributed to traditional practitioners, peasants, herbalists, and users of the plant over a period of four months. The questionnaires consisted of open-ended and closed-ended questions, covering topics such as the plant parts used, the modes of administration, the indications, the dosage, the frequency of use, and the adverse effects of Cannabis sativa L. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data and chi-square tests were used to determine the associations between the variables. The study revealed that Cannabis sativa is commonly utilized as a recreational or medicinal plant for several purposes, including the treatment of physical and mental health conditions, cosmetic application, and even as a building material. Furthermore, the findings indicated that various factors, such as demographic data and patterns of cannabis use, are associated with the specific plant parts used and the modes of administration.

Author Biographies

Ali Mzali, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco

Laboratory of Phytochemistry, National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, B.P. 159, Taounate 34000, Morocco

Abdessamad A. Benlabchir, Laboratory of Phytochemistry, National Agency of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, B.P. 159, Taounate 34000, Morocco

Laboratory of Natural Substances, Pharmacology, Environment, Modeling, Health and Quality of Life, Faculty of Sciences, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30 000, Morocco


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How to Cite

Mzali, A., Mahraz, A. M., Benlabchir, A. A., Benzeid, H., Hassani, A. C., Amalich, S., & Doukkali, A. (2023). Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmacological Surveys of <i>Cannabis sativa</i> (Beldiya Species) Use in the Provinces of Taounate and Al Hoceïma: Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 7(12), 5523–5533. Retrieved from