Study of Weeds in Banana Cultivation in the Comoros Islands


  • Houmrak Housseni Laboratory of Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Productions, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Beniaich Ghada Department of Biology, Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment (LIEME), Faculty of Sciences Dhar EL Mahraz, USMBA, Fez, Morocco.
  • El Abdali Youness Laboratory of Biotechnology, Environment, Agri-food and Health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco.
  • Laabidi Abdelaaziz University of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fez 30050, Morocco
  • Khadmaoui Abderrazzak Laboratory of Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Productions, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Fadli Mohamed Laboratory of Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Productions, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco


Comoros Islands, Species richness, Biodiversity, Weeds, Banana


Bananas (Musa acuminata) rank fourth in the world in agricultural production after wheat, rice, and maize. They are the most widely grown fruit in the world. However, the presence of weeds is a factor reducing this production. In banana crops, plant biodiversity includes weeds and ground-cover plants. Thus, this study focuses on the inventory and floristic biodiversity of banana crop weeds in three producing islands of Comoros: Anjouan (island 2), Mohéli (island 1), and Ngazidja (island 3). Species identification was carried out systematically using a CDROM called Adventol, and various phytosociological parameters were studied. The results revealed the identification of 102 species in 29 families. The island of Ngazidja stands out for its floristic richness, hosting 56 species in 20 families. The highest similarity coefficient was observed between islands 1 and 3, reaching 57.14%. The families with the highest number of
weed species are Poaceae (24 species; 23.5%), Asteraceae (12 species; 11.8%), and Fabaceae (11 species; 10.8%). The Jaccard index is significant between Islands 1 and 3, reaching 0.4. Consequently, managers must consider improving weed control methods by adopting new technologies for banana production in Comoros.


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How to Cite

Housseni, H., Ghada, B., Youness, E. A., Abdelaaziz, L., Abderrazzak, K., & Mohamed, F. (2023). Study of Weeds in Banana Cultivation in the Comoros Islands: Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 7(9), 3887–3892. Retrieved from

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