Exploring Natural Essence: Aromatic Compounds and Antioxidant Potency in Concretes from Nong Khuang Forest Plants, Nasinuan Subdistrict, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand

http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v7i7.19

Authors

  • Nutkamon Tantaisong Natural Antioxidant Innovation Research Unit, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand
  • Rungnapa Khrueawan Natural Antioxidant Innovation Research Unit, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand
  • Chadaporn Senakun Walai Rukhavej Botanical Research Institute, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand
  • Luchai Butkhup Natural Antioxidant Innovation Research Unit, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand
  • Issaraporn Somboonwatthanakul Natural Antioxidant Innovation Research Unit, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand

Keywords:

medicinal plants, ABTS, Hydroxyl radical assay, DPPH, essential oil

Abstract

The Nasinuan Community Forest is publicly accessible and conserved to ensure sustainable utilization, guided by the royal initiative spearheaded by Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. Previous studies have highlighted the remarkable presence of microbial and plant biodiversity in this forest, suggesting that the contained plant species may possess distinctive attributes. This study investigated the volatile organic compositions (VOCs) and antioxidant activity of concretes derived from plants within this forest.
Nineteen varieties were extracted using hexane. Headspace technique of gas chromatographymass spectrometry identified various antioxidants and compounds, including 4H-Pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6 in Ellipanthus tomentosus subsp. tomentosus and acetic acid in several species. Octodrine, a weight loss dietary supplement, was detected in Acacia auriculiformis and Dipterocarpus obtusifolius. Promising antioxidant capacity was observed in Pentacme siamensis, Xylia xylocarpa var. kerrii, Breynia glauca, and Peltophorum dasyrachis var. dasyrhachis, displaying moderate inhibition activity by ºOH (hydroxyl radical scavenging)
assay. Furthermore, Shorea obtusa and Dipterocarpus obtusifolius exhibited high inhibition activity of over 80% by DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay. B. glauca and Amorphophallus brevispathus exhibited the highest inhibitory activity levels >85% by ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) assay. Notably, Naringi crenulata measured the highest activity levels by the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. This study presents the first documentation of the antioxidant abilities of concretes derived from the bark of Sindora siamensis var. maritima and Shorea obtusa. However, further research and development are required to explore the pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications of these potent plant-derived concretes with high antioxidant capacities.  

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Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Tantaisong, N., Khrueawan, R., Senakun, C., Butkhup, L., & Somboonwatthanakul, I. (2023). Exploring Natural Essence: Aromatic Compounds and Antioxidant Potency in Concretes from Nong Khuang Forest Plants, Nasinuan Subdistrict, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand: http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v7i7.19. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 7(7), 3402–3410. Retrieved from https://tjnpr.org/index.php/home/article/view/2231