Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Hospital Setting: Retrospective Study on Risk Factors

http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v7i7.14

Authors

  • Karima El-Mouhdi Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Meknes, Morocco
  • Hajar El Omari Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Khadija Ouarrak Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Jihane El-Amrani Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Technics, Fez, Morocco
  • Noura Zouine Cluster of Competence Environment and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Ilham Lhilali Cluster of Competence Environment and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
  • Fouzia Dahmani Ibn Tofaïl University, Kenitra Morocco, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Plant and Animal Production and Agro-Industry
  • Fatima Zahra Milouk Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Technics, Fez, Morocco
  • Jawad Bouzid Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Hassan first University, Settat, Morocco

Keywords:

Morocco, Hospital, Risk factors, Public Health, Pulmonary tuberculosis

Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis is an airborne disease when people with tuberculosis cough up tuberculosis bacilli into the air. It is a serious public health problem in developing countries. In Morocco, the clinical management of pulmonary tuberculosis is often ambulatory, and hospitalization is indicated only for severe or complicated cases. This study aims to investigate the risk factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in patients hospitalized. A retrospective study was conducted on patients with pulmonary tuberculosis hospitalized in the pulmonology department from January 1, 2019 to June 1, 2021. Data were extracted from tuberculosis patients' records and statically analyzed using SPSS software. A total of 140 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were identified with a predominance of the male gender (90.71%). The age category between 15 and 34 years was the most affected by the disease (p=0.017). The bivariate analysis showed that there are apparent risk factors for the disease. Most of the patients who developed the disease were smokers (p=0.035) of the male gender (p=0.003). There was a significant association between the disease and HIV-positive status (p=0.001). In addition, diabetic patients were also predisposed to develop the disease (p=0.002). In conclusion, young and male patients were more likely to be affected by the disease. Smoking, contact with a person with tuberculosis, and comorbidity with the disease were found to be risk factors for developing lung disease. This calls for intensified screening activities for tuberculosis in active patients.

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Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

El-Mouhdi, K., El Omari, H., Ouarrak, K., El-Amrani, J., Zouine, N., Lhilali, I., … Bouzid, J. (2023). Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Hospital Setting: Retrospective Study on Risk Factors: http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v7i7.14. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 7(7), 3371–3375. Retrieved from https://tjnpr.org/index.php/home/article/view/2225

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