Evaluation of Gallus gallus domesticus Eggshell and Glass as an Alternative to Dental Pumice

http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v6i11.24

Authors

  • Joshua C. Onyia Department of Dental Technology, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Eze E. Ajaegbu Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Benneth M. Okike Department of Dental Technology, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Adeniran J. Ikuesan Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Abdulrasheed M. Bello Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Ijeoma O. Okolo Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Ukachukwu C. Ezeh Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Adaobi J. Dieke Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Adaora L. Onuora Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Flora N. Ezugworie Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Ese S. Izekor Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Juliana O. Ndubuisi Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Ethel E. Adimora Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Juliet O. Nwigwe Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Lucy C. Iloabuchi Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Nnyeneime U. Bassey Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Florence O. Nduka Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria
  • Tolulope O. Ifeloju Department of Applied Sciences, Federal College of Dental Technology and Therapy, Trans-Ekulu, Enugu State Nigeria

Keywords:

EDS, FPM, Pumice, Spectroscopy, Eggshell, Gallus gallus domesticus

Abstract

The major purpose of the dental pumice is to clean and make tooth surfaces smooth, it is a highly siliceous material derived primarily from volcanic activity. In a quest to make pumice readily available, an alternative material to pumice was developed. 100 µm particle sizes of both powdered eggshell and glass were mixed, in ratios of 1.5:8.5, 2:8, 1:9, and 0:10 to obtain J85, J90, J95, and J100 respectively. A scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was used for morphological characterization and elemental composition. The research questionnaire was structured for dental practitioners for quality assessment purpose. The results showed that J100 had more porosity, with a smaller pore diameter than J95, J90, and J85 respectively. EDS revealed the presence of 16 elements in the fabricated pumice. J85, J90, J95, and J100 of particle sizes 100, 80, and 50 µm were set at different magnifications (500×, 1000×, and 1500×) respectively. This revealed that the fabricated polishing materials (FPMs) have porous structures, thus making them good for polishing and cleaning tooth surfaces. 

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Published

2022-11-01

How to Cite

Onyia, J. C., Ajaegbu, E. E., Okike, B. M., Ikuesan, A. J., Bello, A. M., Okolo, I. O., … Ifeloju, T. O. (2022). Evaluation of Gallus gallus domesticus Eggshell and Glass as an Alternative to Dental Pumice: http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v6i11.24. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 6(11), 1888–1892. Retrieved from https://tjnpr.org/index.php/home/article/view/1244

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