Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants used in the Treatment of Skin Burns in the Province of Sefrou of Morocco

Authors

  • Mohamed A. Mahraz Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • M. Amine Idrissi Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • Ali Mzali Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat 10100, Morocco.
  • Hajar El Mrayej Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • Abdelouahad Lfatouhi Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • Rajae Salim Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • El Hassania Loukili Euro-Mediterranean University of Fez (UEMF), BP. 15, Fez, 30070, Morocco
  • Mohamed Jghaoui Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • Zakia Rais Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.
  • Mustapha Taleb Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i3.3

Keywords:

Skin burns, Ethnobotanical statistic, Sefrou, Ethno pharmacology, Medicinal and aromatic plants, PAM, Herbal medicines, Ethnobotanical knowledge

Abstract

The inhabitants of Morocco and particularly of the province of Sefrou use traditional medicine based on aromatic and medicinal plants to treat many diseases such as digestive and respiratory problems, and skin burns Unfortunately, there are very few botanical studies on medicinal and aromatic plants used to treat skin burns in Morocco, especially in the province of Sefrou. This study describes the traditional practice of treating skin burns with medicinal plants in six cities of the province of Sefrou for future pharmacological validation. The survey was conducted using a
semi-structured questionnaire in the province of Sefrou in the period of September 2020 and October 2022 which contains information on the plant, their family, and the method of preparation, and method of use. It was found that Lamiaceae and Asteraceae were the two most preferred families by the participants surveyed for the treatment of dermatological problems. The most used medicinal plants are Allium cepa, Curcuma longa, Eryngium tricuspidatum, Ricinus communis, Mentha pelugium, Origanum compactum. It was found that the leaves are the most frequently used part of the plant with a percentage of 52%, followed by the whole plant with 26%. In most treatments, the powder is sprinkled directly on the burn. The study has documented the plants that are found in the province of Sefrou use to
treat skin burns.

Author Biographies

Mohamed A. Mahraz, Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.

Institut of business entreprise and management of Fez, BP. 15, Fez, 30070, Morocco (IBEM)

Rajae Salim, Laboratory of Engineering, Electrochemistry, Modeling and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez 30050, Morocco.

Euro-Mediterranean University of Fez (UEMF), BP. 15, Fez, 30070, Morocco

El Hassania Loukili, Euro-Mediterranean University of Fez (UEMF), BP. 15, Fez, 30070, Morocco

Laboratory of Applied and Environmental Chemistry (LCAE), Mohammed First University. Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 717 60000, Oujda, Morocco

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Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Mahraz, M. A., Idrissi, M. A., Mzali, A., Mrayej, H. E., Lfatouhi, A., Salim, R., … Taleb, M. (2024). Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants used in the Treatment of Skin Burns in the Province of Sefrou of Morocco. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 8(3), 6487–6497. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i3.3

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