Assessment of Mineral and Vitamin Contents of Carrot (<i>Daucus carota</i> L.) as Influenced by Poultry Manure, Variety and Tillage

Authors

  • Chukwunyere C Anozie aculty of Agricultural Technology, University of South Bohemia Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
  • Eugenia A. Njoku Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Emmanuel I. Eze Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Festus O. Eze Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of South Bohemia Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
  • Kayode P. Baiyeri Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
  • Tomaš Zoubek Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of South Bohemia Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
  • Petr Bartoš Faculty of Agricultural Technology, University of South Bohemia Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i2.31

Keywords:

tillage practices, variety selection, poultry manure, vitamin content, mineral content, Carrot

Abstract

An attempt to assess the mineral and vitamin contents of carrots led to a field (July-October, 2022) and laboratory studies conducted in the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in 2022, using 2 × 2 × 3 factorial (replications = 3) each, for Randomized Complete Block Design and Completely Randomized Design respectively. The roots of two carrot varieties (Touchon Mega and Kurado) with three levels of poultry manure in t/ha (0, 5, and 10) harvested from two tillage systems (Ridge and Bed) were tested for mineral and vitamin contents using standard methods. Data were subjected to analysis of variance using GenStat 12.1 edition. Differences were significant at p < 0.05. Variety, manure, and tillage significantly (p > 0.05) did not influence the mineral and vitamin contents of the root. The vitamin C content of the roots increased with manure level increase. These mineral elements: Iron (209 g/kg), Potassium (6.6 mg/100g), Phosphorus (21.3 g/kg), and Zinc (23.6 mg/100g) were higher in Kurado than Touchon mega while Calcium (23.7 mg/100g), Copper (2.9 g/kg), magnesium (4.5 mg/100g) and Selenium (9.3 g/kg) were higher in Touchon mega. The 10 t/ha of poultry manure had higher Zinc (26.5 mg/100g) and phosphorus (23.7 g/kg), while 5 t/ha had a higher content of Calcium (24.9 mg/100g), Copper (3 g/kg), Magnesium (4.6%) and Potassium (6.8 mg/100g). The study revealed the presence of the considered minerals and vitamins in the carrot roots. Kurado accumulated some of the minerals and vitamins in quantity within the recommended human rates.

References

Da Silva Dias JC. Nutritional and health benefits of carrots and their seed extracts. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2014. 5(22), 2147.

Koley TK, Nishad J, Kaur C, Su Y, Sethi S, Saha S, Sen S, Bhatt BP. Effect of High-pressure Micro fluidization on Nutritional Quality of Carrot (Daucus carota L.) juice. J. of food Sci. and Tech. 2020; (57):2159-68.

Ibeto CN, Lag-Brotons AJ, Marshall R, Semple KT. The nutritional effects of digested and undigested organic wastes combined with wood ash amendments on carrot plants. J. of Soil Sci. and Plant Nutri. 2020; 460-72.

Djoufack MNT, Kouam EB, Foko EMK, Anuonmaa M, Kaktcham PM, Zambou FN. Sensory Quality and Nutritional Composition of Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Genotypes as Affected by Fertilization in Production System in Cameroon. CABI Agric Biosc 2023; 4-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43170-023-001662-2.

Agbede TM, Adekiya AO, Eifediyi EK. Impact of Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer on Soil Physical Properties and Growth and Yield of Carrot. J. Hortic. Res. 2017; 21(1):81-8. https://doi.org/10.1515/johr-2017-0009. Article CAS Google Scholar.

Kipkosgei LK, LSM. Akundabweni MJ. Hutchinson. "The effect of farmyard manure and nitrogen fertilizer on vegetative growth, leaf yield and quality attributes of Solanum villosum (Black nightshade) in Keiyo district, rift valley." 2003.

Njoku EA, Mbaoji FN, Nweze JA, Echezona BC, Baiyeri KP. Influence of Organic, Inorganic Manure and Age of Harvest Biochemical Content of Three Carrot Varieties Grown in Nsukka, South East Nigeria. Crop Science Society of Nigeria (CSSN): 8th National Conference. 2023; 342-355.

Ojetayo AE, Olaniyi JO, Akanbi WB, Olabiyi TI. Effect of fertilizer types on nutritional quality of two cabbage varieties before and after storage. J. Appl Biosci 2011; 48: 33223330. Link: https://bit.ly/2Y3ydUy

Mahalovich D, Derner C, Haney D, Fletcher T. Effects of Tillage Systems on Soil Organic Matter, Nutrient Levels and Quality attributes of Carrots. Horti. Sci. 2008; 43(2): 415-419.

Stefanson AL, Tsao R, Liu R, Duizer L, Bakovic M, Martin RC. Effect of variety, soil fertility status and agronomic treatments on carrot mineral and phytochemical composition and consumer liking of flavor traits. J. of the Sci. of Food and Agri. 2019; 99(12):5457-74.

Anozie CC, Baiyeri KP. Effects of Tillage Methods and Poultry Manure Rates on the Production of Carrot (Daucus carota L.) in Nsukka, Southeast Nigeria. J. of Hortic. and Forestry. 2022; 14(4):42-48. http://www.academicjournals.org/JHF. Doi: 10.5897/JHF2022.0691

Simenew M, Gashaw SM, Alemayehu P. Effect of Ridge and Furrow Cultivation System on Carrot Yield and Nutrient Uptake. In: Proc. 11th Afr. Crop Sc. Conf., 2017 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Uguru MI, Baiyeri KP, Aba SC. Indicators of Climatic Change in the Derived Savannah Niche of Nsukka, South-Eastern Nigeria. J. of Environ. and Ext. 2011; 10(1). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291330407 2016-01-20.

Ede IG, Igwe CA, Ezeaku PI. Effect of Rumen Digesta on the Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil in Nsukka, South Eastern Nigeria. J. of Trop. Agri, Food, Environ and Ext. 2013; 12 (3): 1-8.

Hey Elliott. Wikipedia. Jos: Geography and Climate: MOS:DOB. https://en.m.wikipedia.org 2023-10-29.

Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists International. In: Horwitz, W. Led. 2007; 17th ed., Arlington, VA, USA. AOAC Press.

Chukwudi UP, Agbo CU, Echezona BC, Eze EI, Kutu FR, Mavengahama S. Variability in morphological, yield and nutritional attributes of ginger (Zingiber officinale) germplasm in Nigeria. Research on Crops. 2020; 21(3):634-42.

Amorim-Carrilho KT, Cepeda A, Fente C, Regal, P. Review of methods for analysis of carotenoids. TrAC Trends in Analyti Chem. 2014; 56: 49-73.

Olokodana FA. Analysis of fruit drinks and fruit juices. Institute of Public Analysts of Nigeria (IPAN) Bulletin. 2005; 6(24):9-14.

Obi IU. Statistical Method of Detecting Differences Between Treatment Means and Research Methodology Issues in Laboratory and Field Experiments, AP Express Publi. Comp. Nsukka, Nigeria, 2002; Pp.117.

Ahamad MN Saleemullah M, Shah HU, Khalil IA, Saljoqi AUR. Determination of beta carotene content in fresh vegetables using high performance liquid chromatography. Sarhad J. of Agri, 2007; 23(3), 767.

Maxime Merlin DT, Edith Marius FK, Bertrand KE, Mariette A, François ZN. Effect of fertilizers’ types on yield parameters, sweetness and nutritional quality of carrot (Daucus carota L.) genotypes. Int. J. Agric. Sc. Food Technol. 2020; 6(1):079-87.

Seljåsen R, Kristensen HL, Lauridsen C, Wyss GS, Kretzschmar U, Birlouez-Aragone I, Kahl J. Quality of carrots as affected by pre- and postharvest factors and processing. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2013; 93:2611–2626. Doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6189. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Skoczylas Ł, Tabaszewska M, Smoleń S, Słupski J, Liszka-Skoczylas M, Barański R. Carrots (Daucus carota L.) biofortified with iodine and selenium as a raw material for the production of juice with additional nutritional functions. Agron. 2020; 10(9):1360.

Umuhoza Karemera JN, Habimana S, Sibomana P. Nutritional quality of carrot (Daucus carota L.) as influenced by farmyard manure 2014 154.68.126.42.

Downloads

Published

2024-03-02

How to Cite

Anozie, C. C., Njoku, E. A., Eze, E. I., Eze, F. O., Baiyeri, K. P., Zoubek, T., & Bartoš, P. (2024). Assessment of Mineral and Vitamin Contents of Carrot (<i>Daucus carota</i> L.) as Influenced by Poultry Manure, Variety and Tillage. Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research (TJNPR), 8(2), 6305–6310. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v8i2.31