Comparable Vitamin and Mineral Contents of Co-Fermented Maize/Carrot/ Pigeon Pea and Co-Fermented Millet/ Sweet Potato/Pigeon Pea as Infant Complementary Food

Mojisola A. Oyarekua1, Akinwunmi O. Adeoye2, Olabimpe I. Ojo3


1Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
3Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: [email protected] ; Tel: +2348033887528
Recieved Date: 06 July 2022; Accepted Date: 19 August 2022; Published Date: 03 September
Citation: Oyarekua MA, Adeoye AO, Ojo O. Comparable Vitamin and Mineral Contents of Co-Fermented Maize/Carrot/ Pigeon Pea and Co-Fermented Millet/ Sweet Potato/Pigeon Pea as Infant Complementary Food. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(8):1331-1336 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v6i8.28
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© 2022 Oyarekua et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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ABSTRACT

Utilization of nutrients from plant foods is of importance in achieving adequate infant nutrition. This study investigated the vitamin content, mineral composition, and functional properties of co-fermented maize/carrot/pigeon pea (MACP) and co-fermented millet/sweet potato/pigeon pea (MISP) as infant complementary foods using standard methods. The vitamin content and mineral composition as well as functional properties were determined using standard procedures. From the results, vitamin contents of MACP are: Vitamin A (52.63-6.08?g) vitamin (B1,(0.23-0.10), B2, (0.12-0.09), B3, (1.45-1.25?g) B5,( 0.41-0.12) B6,( 0.19-0.25) B9 ( 0.00-0.00 ?g), C( 2.026-14.99),  E (0.12-0.12), and total vitamin content (77.50 - 25.09). For MISP, the vitamin contents are: Vitamin A (0.07-1.86), B1 (34.65-24.43), B2 (63.76-85.75), B3 (9.79-11.29), B4 (88.39-141.42), B5 (20.69-67.05), B6 (54.67-2.78), B9 (141.42-141.42), Vitamin C (0.42-0.23), E (69.55-63.55), K (5.11-5.60). All vitamin composition values were below the recommended daily allowance expected from complementary foods. Mineral value ranges were: sodium (172.60-185.85), potassium (575.08-635.28), calcium (193.45-232.88), magnesium (95.51-128.39), zinc (7.79-12.86), and iron (5.51-13.76). ?-carotene value was higher in MISP than in MACP. The results of this study suggest that MACP might be more desirable as an infant’s complementary food than MISP.

Keywords: Undernourished, Amino acids, Carotenoids, Deficiency, Legume, Tuber.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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