Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose from Siwalan Borassus flabellifer Fruit Peel Fiber

Sentot Purwandi1, Mohammad Yuwono2, Esti Hendradi2*

1Doctoral Program of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
2Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: [email protected] ; Tel: +628-133-017 56 72
Recieved Date: 05 January 2022; Accepted Date: 15 April 2022; Published Date: 03 May
Citation: Purwandi S, Yuwono M, Hendradi E. Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose from Siwalan (Borassus flabellifer) Fruit Peel Fiber. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(4): 480-483
© 2022 Purwandi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Borassus flabelligers fruit peel fiber is one of the plantation wastes that has not been optimally used. Meanwhile, it contains several crude fibers including cellulose, which is sufficient and can be isolated for various purposes. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of cellulose from siwalan fruit peel fiber (Borassus flabellifer). The isolation was conducted through a chemical process that comprises hydrolysis, delignification, and bleaching. Furthermore, water content, pH, form and Fourier Transform-Infrared (FTIR) analysis were the physical characterization and standardization parameters used to assess the  Borassus flabellifer  cellulose. The tests carried out showed that the isolate had a pH of 6.8 and a moisture content of 7.34%. The Fourier Transform-Infrared (FTIR) showed absorption at 3323.34 for O-H, 2893.22 for C-H, 1371.38 for C-O-H, and 1157.28 for C-O, which revealed that the values are the typical cellulose peaks. The results showed that cellulose isolated from Borassus flabellifer fruit peel fibers has numerous similarities with the standard synthetic cellulose used. Additionally, a large cellulose yield of 12.3% (w/w) was obtained from the fruit peel, hence, further development is needed because the isolate can serve as an alternative for animal gelatin made from pigskin. It is also a halal guaranteed product and can fully meet various pharmaceutical industries needs.

Keywords: Borassus flabellifer, Siwalan, Isolation, Cellulose, Characterization.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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