The Effect of Inoculation with Glomus mosseae on Early Growth and Pattern of Root Exudates in Potted Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]

Oluwaseun A. Ishola 1, Adijat F. Ogundola 1,* Majeed O. Liasu 1,2, Ajao O. Sunday 1, Adeyemi O. Adeeyo 3,4*
1Department of Pure and Applied Biology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
2Office of The Vice Chancellor, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
3Ecology and Resource Management Unit, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Agriculture, University of Venda, Thohoyandou (0950), Private Bag X5050, South Africa
4Aqua Plantae Research Group, University of Venda, Thohoyandou (0950), Private Bag X5050, South Africa
Corresponding Author: [email protected], [email protected]; Tel: (+2347030655574), (+27723030995)
Recieved Date: 07 August 2021; Accepted Date: 01 Feb 2022; Published Date: 03 January
Citation:
Ishola OA, Ogundola AF, Liasu MO, Sunday AO, Adeeyo AO. The Effect of Inoculation with Glomus mosseae on Early Growth and Pattern of Root Exudates in Potted Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(1):76-79

http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v6i1.14
Copyright:
© 2022 Ishola et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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ABSTRACT

Due to the poor state and low fertility value of soil in Sub-Saharan African, this study assessed the effect of mycorrhization, using Glomus mosseae on the growth of cowpea. The experimental design was randomized, with four replicates per treatment in four blocks. The effect of treatment on plant growth response data (at p?0.05) was investigated by analysis of variance. There was a favourable and synergistic interaction between mycorrhiza inoculums and successfully colonized plant roots, and G. mosseae treatment resulted in enhanced plant development. The effect of mycorrhiza inoculation on the growth of cowpea was significant (p?0.05) when compared with cowpea growth without inoculation. Unsterilized soil inoculated with G. mosseae (M+*S-) had the highest mycorrhizal colonization. The cowpea grown in inoculated soil presented the best result with plant’s height (38%). The growth response observed was in the order of unsterilized soil inoculated with G. mosseae (M+*S-) > sterilised soil inoculated with G. mosseae (M+*S+) (26%) > unsterilized soil without G. mosseae (M-*S-) (24%) > sterilized soil without inoculation with G. mosseae (M-*S+) (12%). The intensity of fresh weight of the cowpea planted after treatment was also in the order M+*S-(35%) > M+*S+ (28%) > M-*S- (24%) > M-*S+ (20%) and the treatment was significantly different at (p< 0.05). The result showed that inoculation with G. mosseae improved growth performance of the plant. Hence, this study confirms the positive effect of mycorrhization using G. mosseae in the growth of cowpea.

Keywords:
Arbuscular mycorrhizal, Green fertilizers, Green, sustainable agriculture, 
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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