Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Evaluation of Crude Extracts from the Roots, Stem and Leaves of Dictyandraarborescens (Welw.)

Uchechi E. Enenebeaku1*, Chidi E. Duru2, Evangeline N. Okotcha3, Odangowei I. Ogidi4, Ifeyinwa C. Mgbemena1, Harriet C. Nwigwe1, Conrad K. Enenebeaku5
1Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
2Department of Chemistry, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
3Department of Integrated Science, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Nigeria
4Department of Biochemistry, Federal Polytechnic, Ekowe, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
5Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +2348036515665
Recieved Date: 26 June 2021; Accepted Date: 18 January 2022; Published Date: 03 January
Citation: Enenebeaku UE, Duru CE, Okotcha EN, Ogidi OI, Mgbemena IC, Nwigwe HC, Enenebeaku CK. Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Evaluation of Crude Extracts from the Roots, Stem and Leaves of Dictyandra arborescens (Welw.).Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(1):62-70
© 2022Enenebeakuet al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Antioxidants are compounds which play important roles in the prevention of many diseases by removing free radical intermediates and inhibit other oxidation reactions by being oxidized themselves. Dictyandra arborescens, a tropical plant, is locally used by natives of Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria for the treatment of various ailments. Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antioxidant activities of parts of the plant were evaluated.  Gas chromatography flame-ionization detector (GC-FID) was used to determine the phytochemicals present in the leaves and roots while in vitro antioxidant potentials of extracts of the leaves, stem and roots were determined by their abilities to scavenge 2, 2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide radicals (H2O2). Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and total antioxidant capacity were also determined using standard methods. GC-FID analysis of the leaves and roots identified phytochemicals such as; rutin, ribalinidine, naringin, flavan-3-ol, epihedrine, sapogenin, spartein, flavonones, epicatechin, phytate, oxalate, naringenin, resveratol, quinine, catechin, lunamarin, kaempferol etc. Scavenging of the extracts were concentration-dependent. Activities of the extracts for DPPH, nitric oxide and H2O2 differed significantly (p?0.05) from the standard antioxidant. Methanolic extract of D. arborescens roots showed the best reducing ability while methanolic extract of D. arborescensroot also showed the highest antioxidant activity (2352.94 ±164.87 mg AA/g extract). Findings showed that extracts of the leaves, and roots of D. arborescens were rich in phytoconstituents which could serve as potential sources of natural antioxidants. Antioxidant and therapeutic activities of this plant could therefore be linked to the synergy between the various phytochemicals.

Keywords: Dictyandra arborescens, Gas-chromatography, Phytochemical, Antioxidants.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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