Assessment of Potential Carcinogens in Some Fast Foods Sold in A Nigerian University Campus

 Emeka E.J. Iweala1,2,3, Daniel O. Olusegun1, Omoremime E. Dania1,3*
1Department of Biochemistry, Covenant University PMB 1023, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
2Covenant Applied Informatics and Communication African Centre of Excellence (CApIC-ACE), Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
3Covenant University Public Health and Wellbeing Research Cluster (CUPHWERC), Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +234 (8138644371)
Recieved Date: 15 December 2020; Accepted Date: 30 November 2021; Published Date: 03 January
Citation: Iweala EEJ, Olusegun DO, Dania OE. Assessment of Potential Carcinogens in Some Fast Foods Sold in a Nigerian University Campus. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2022; 6(1):50-54
© 2022 Iweala et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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The subject of cancer is one that has become widely recognised in the world, with several factors contributing to its onset in a person. One of the most prominent factors associated with the development of cancer is the presence of carcinogenic contaminants in consumed foods. This study assayed for two contaminants (potassium bromate and acrylamide) recognised as potential carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in selected fast foods consumed within a Nigerian University campus.  Samples of fifteen different bread and flour products were analysed for potassium bromate using a standard spectroscopic method, and acrylamide analysis by HPLC was carried out on four different fried potato samples. Potassium bromate was present in 67% of the samples analysed in amounts ranging from 2.677±0.25 mg/kg to 7.839±0.36 mg/kg. Acrylamide was present in amounts ranging from 1.92 µg/kg to 23.67 µg/kg in 50% of the potato samples analysed. The tolerable daily acrylamide intake is estimated at 2.6 µg/kg body weight per day. Based on the result obtained, some of the bread and fried potatoes sold within a Nigerian University campus contained potassium bromate and acrylamide, compounds known as potential carcinogens.

Keywords: Acrylamide, Potassium bromate, HPLC, Carcinogen, Campus.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83
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