Assessment of Kinetic Parameters of Peroxidase Isolated from Maturing Solanum lycopersicum Fruits for Analytical and Biotechnological Applications

Joseph Akor1, Ifeanyi F. Ugwoke2,3, Nwamaka M. Odu4*, Amaechi L. Ogara1, Ejike K. Ogbonna1, Olaigbe J. Ogidigo2, Chizurum C. Oluigbo3, Chiagozie E. Aham3,5, Parker E. Joshua3, Sabinus O.O. Eze3

1Department of Science Laboratory Technology, University of Nigeria Nsukka, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
2Bioresources Development Centre, National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria
3Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria Nsukka, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria 
4Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
5Natural Science Unit, School of General Studies, University of Nigeria Nsukka, 410001 Nsukka Nigeria

Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +234806 297 5416
Recieved Date: 25 July 2021; Accepted Date: 04 December 2021; Published Date: 04 January
Citation: Akor J, Ugwoke IF, Odu NM, Ogara AL, Ogbonna EK, Ogidigo OJ, Oluigbo CC, Aham CE, Elijah JP, Eze SOO. Assessment of Kinetic Parameters of Peroxidase Isolated from Maturing Solanum lycopersicum Fruits for Analytical and Biotechnological Applications. Trop J Nat Prod Res, 2021; 5(12): 2149-2153 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i12.18
Copyright:
 © 2021 Akor et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at  Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research



ABSTRACT

The wide application of peroxidase in biotechnology, food industries, environmental remediation and medical diagnosis has necessitated the interest for further research on the enzyme. This study investigated the kinetic parameters of maturing Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) fruit peroxidase with the prospect to ascertain its potentials and viability for analytical and biotechnological applications. Ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel filtration with sephadex G-100 were used to purify Sonalum lycopersicum peroxidase to homogeneity in two phases. Using o-dianisidine as a substrate, the optimal pH and temperature were found, while the Michaelis constant (Km) and maximum velocity (Vmax) were obtained using the Lineweaver–Burk graph.  The purification factor and specific activity of the crude enzyme were 2.16 and 55.5 ?/mg respectively. Maturing Solanum lycopersicum fruit peroxidase was purified to homogeneity via a dual-step purification phases of gel filtration preceded by ammonium sulphate precipitation with specific activities of 34.11 ?/mg and 117.20 ?/mg in that order. The substrate used for the reaction was o-dianisidine. The enzyme adhered to Michaelis-Menten kinetics with Michaelis constant and maximum velocity of 5.23 mg/mL and 12.27 ?mol/min, respectively. Maturing Solanum lycopersicum fruit peroxidase showed sensitivity under a range of pH (6-8) and temperature (40-90oC) in its activity with 50°C and 5.9 as the temperature and pH optima, respectively. The result of this research has revealed that peroxidase from Sonalum lycopersicum exhibited physiochemical properties that are similar to what is obtainable in vivo which makes it suitable for analytical and biotechnological applications that in most cases mimics physiological conditions.

Keywords: Peroxidase, Solanum lycopersicum, Purification, Kinetics, pH, Temperature.
Back to Articles

ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83
Scopus citescore 0.3 (2020)

Indexing & Abstracting

citescore 0.3 (2020)

j-gate logo

International Innovative Journal Impact Factor

African Index Medicus

CAS

Index Copernicus International

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Crossref Content Registration logo

WorldCat Discovery Service

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research