Toxicological Evaluation of Methanol Leaf Extract of Cola hispida

Ugochi Olivia Njoku
Pharmacological Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu state, Nigeria
Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +234 803 746 1525
Recieved Date: 28 June 2021; Accepted Date: 18 October 2021; Published Date: 03 November
Citation: Njoku UO. Toxicological Evaluation of Methanol Leaf Extract of Cola hispida.Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(10): 1859-1862. http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i10.25
Copyright:
© 2021 Njoku. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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ABSTRACT

Cola hispida is a plant that has been employed in African folkloric medicine as an analgesic plant and to prevent premature labor. The aim of the research is to assess the acute and sub-acute oral toxicity of the methanol leaf extract of Cola hispida in mice and rats, respectively. Pulverized leaf was extracted by maceration in 6 L of methanol (98% purity) for 72 hours, filtered and concentrated at 40ºC using a rotary evaporator. In the acute toxicity test, the extract at 10, 100, 1000, 1600, 2900, and 5000 mg/kg was administered orally to mice, while, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/kg doses of the extract  were  administered orally for 28 days  in the sub-acute toxicity test. No behavioural signs of toxicity nor lethal effect were observed in the acute toxicity test indicating that the LD50 is greater than 5000 mg/kg. In the sub-acute toxicity evaluation, the extract showed neither mortality nor treatment-related adverse effects with regards to the cardiac, hepatic, renal, and antioxidant parameters. The histopathological examination of liver sections, however, revealed mild congestion of blood vessels and haemorrhage at 800 mg/kg indicating potential unfavorable effect on long-term administration at higher doses.  The findings imply that the methanol extract of Cola hispida leaves is relatively safe. However, long-term use at higher doses should be avoided.

Keywords: Cola hispida extract, Acute toxicity, Sub-acute toxicity, Safety evaluation.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
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