Acacia cyanophylla, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and Pistacia atlantica Ethanol Extracts Revealed Cytotoxicity of Breast Cancer Cell Lines

Khaldoun J. Al-Hadid1*, Bashaer Abu-Irmaileh2, Amani A. Harb3, Ahmad Sharab1, Amani Alhadid4



1Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science, The University of Jordan, 11942 Amman, Jordan 
2Hamdi Mango Research Center for Scientific Research, The University of Jordan, 11942 Amman, Jordan 
3Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman. Jordan.
4Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, 11733 Amman, Jordan


Corresponding Author: [email protected]; Tel: +962 6 535 5000 Ext. 22203
Recieved Date: 04 August 2021; Accepted Date: 24 October 2021; Published Date: 03 November
Citation: Al-Hadid KJ, Abu-Irmaileh B, Harb AA, Sharab A, Alhadid A. Acacia cyanophylla, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and Pistacia atlantica Ethanol Extracts Revealed Cytotoxicity of Breast Cancer Cell Lines. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(10): 1808-1815 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i10.18
Copyright:
© 2021 Al-Hadid et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research












ABSTRACT

The available surgical and chemotherapeutic treatments of breast cancer are costly and associated with undesired side effects. Therefore, new alternative treatments need to be investigated using medicinal plants that have been the source of active ingredients for many drugs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity of ethanol extracts of Acacia cyanophylla leaves, Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves and fruits, and Pistacia atlantica leaves and petioles against four breast cancer cell lines and one normal skin fibroblast cell line using MTT colorimetric assay. Phytochemical analysis of the plant extracts was conducted using High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Acacia cyanophylla leaves extract showed high cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-231 and very low cytotoxicity against the normal cell line. Eucalyptus camaldulensis fruits extract showed high cytotoxicity against SKBR3 and ZR-75-1 cell lines, with moderate cytotoxicity against the normal cell line. Pistacia atlantica petioles extracts showed moderate cytotoxicity against SKBR3 cell lines and low cytotoxicity against the normal cell line. All plant extracts showed low cytotoxicity against T47D cell line. Unique chemicals were detected in each extract that could explain the difference in cytotoxicity. Chemical composition analysis of the plant extracts revealed that isorhamnetin-3-O-robinobioside and spathulenol are candidate compounds for in vivo study in order to investigate their efficacy and safety as potential drugs to treat breast cancer. In conclusion, A. cyanophylla, E. camaldulensis, and P. atlantica extracts have potential cytotoxic effect against breast cancer cells and could be a potential source of compounds to develop a drug to treat breast cancer.

Keywords: Breast Cancer, Medicinal Plants, Cytotoxicity, Acacia,   Eucalyptus, Pistacia 
Back to Articles

ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83
Scopus citescore 0.3 (2020)

Indexing & Abstracting

citescore 0.3 (2020)

j-gate logo

International Innovative Journal Impact Factor

African Index Medicus

CAS

Index Copernicus International

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Crossref Content Registration logo

WorldCat Discovery Service

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research