Phytochemical and Chemotaxonomic Studies on Pteris Species from Southwestern Nigeria

Rachael A. Bamigboye1, Fatai A Oloyede2, Bolajoko A. Akinpelu3, Thomas O. Idowu4
1Natural History Museum, Botany Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile -Ife, Nigeria
2Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Obafemi  Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria
4Depatment of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

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Recieved Date: August 03, 2020; Accepted Date: September 23, 2020; Published Date: 03 October 2020
Citation: Bamigboye RA, Oloyede FA, Akinpelu BA, Idowu TO. Phytochemical and Chemotaxonomic Studies on Pteris Species from Southwestern Nigeria. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2020; 4(9):590-595.
Copyright: © 2020 Bamigboye et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Ferns and Lycophytes are composed of primitive vascular ornamental, medicinal and very valuable plants. In the present study, seven Pteris from Southwestern Nigerian were screened   using standard phytochemical screening methods, and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). This was with the view to identifying   their various bioactive compounds that are medicinally and taxonomically important. Results showed the presence of alkaloids in all the species except P. acanthoneura. Saponins, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, triterpenes and steroids also tested positive in all the species studied while tannins was positive only in P. togoensis and P. vittata. TLC studies displayed spots with retardation factor (Rf)values which indicated similarities and variations among the Pteris species. The information on phytoconstituents of Pteris species provided by this study is valuable for further pharmacognostic and chemotaxonomical investigations.

Keywords: Chemotaxonomy, Medicinal values, Phytochemicals, Pteris, TLC.
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