The T allele of TCF7L2 rs12255372 G/T Variant Can Predispose to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Iraqi Population

Ibrahim A. Mahmood1 and Qasim S. Al-Mayah2*
1Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
2Medical Research Unit, College of Medicine, AL-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

Corresponding Author: sciencefond2015@gmail.com; Tel: 00 9647704549713
Recieved Date: July 25, 2020; Accepted Date: September 17, 2020; Published Date: 03 October 2020
Citation: Mahmood IA and Al-Mayah QS. The T allele of TCF7L2 rs12255372 G/T Variant Can Predispose to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Iraqi Population. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2020; 4(9):535-539.  https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v4i9.7
Copyright: © 2020 Mahmood and Al-Mayah. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a polygenic metabolic disorder, resulting from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. This study aimed to assess the association of TCF7L2 rs12255372 G/T variant with T2DM and insulin resistance (IR) in a sample of the Iraqi population. A total of 76 patients with T2DM and 54 healthy controls were genotyped for the TCF7L2 rs7903146 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). The association of different genotypes of this SNP with the development of T2DM as well and with IR and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were assessed. The TT genotype showed a higher frequency in diabetic patients (17.11%) than controls (5.56%) with a significant difference (OR = 4.04, 95% CI = 1.04-15.71, p = 0.044). Furthermore, the T allele was more frequent in patients than controls (38.82% vs. 26.85%), with a significant difference (OR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.01-2.95, p = 0.45). Mean HOMA-IR in patients carrying TT genotype was 2.91 ± 0.83 which was significantly higher than either GG or GT genotype (2.62 ± 0.63 and 2.71 ± 0.55, respectively). Thus, the T allele of TCF7L2 rs12255372 variant could be considered as a risk factor for developing T2DM. The study suggests that increase IR is the underlying mechanism by which this variant can predispose the individual for T2DM. 

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, TCF7L2 gene, rs12255372 variant, insulin resistance.
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