Documentation of Medicinal Plants Used For Managing Cancer in Three Selected Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Southwestern Nigeria

Tayo I. Famojuro and Taiwo O. Elufioye⁎
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: toonitaiwo@yahoo.com ; Tel: +2348033850773
Recieved Date: March 22, 2020; Accepted Date: April 23, 2020; Published Date: 30 April 2020
Citation: Famojuro TI and Elufioye TO. Documentation of Medicinal Plants Used For Managing Cancer in Three Selected Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Southwestern Nigeria. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2020; 4(4):153-164. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v4i4.7
Copyright: © 2020 Famojuro and Elufioye. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Available chemotherapy for managing cancer is prone to various side effects and in Africa, majority use herbs for their health challenges. This study was undertaken to document medicinal plants used by both traditional healers and the people of Gbonyin, Moba and Efon local government areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria for managing cancer and cancer related diseases. 
Information were obtained using semi-structured questionnaire and open interview from respondents made up of herbalist (39.4%), herb seller (15.8%), traditional medicine practitioners (21.1%), birth attendants (7.9%) and others (15.8%). Sixty-eight percent were males while 32% were females with their age ranging from 21 to 70 years.  
A total of 57 plant species belonging to 53 genera and 38 families were identified. Ninety percent (90%) of the respondents interviewed claimed that their clients reported no side effect. Tree accounted for 38% of the life form mostly collected by the traditional healers and leaves were the most frequently used (33%) plant parts in herbal formulations.  The commonest plant species among the recipes given by the respondents according to their Use Mention Index (UMI) were Annona muricata (0.154); Xylopia aethiopica, (0.154), Nauclea lactifolia, (0.115); Plukeneta conophora, (0.115) and Plumbago zeylanica (0.115). 
The study concludes that medicinal plant in the study areas indicated high potential for cancer drug discovery.

Keywords: Ethnobotany, Traditional medicine, Medicinal plants, Cancer.
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