A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Lannea species

Jonathan I. Achika 
Department of Chemistry Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria 
Corresponding Author: achijonile@yahoo.com; Tel: +2348069228594
Recieved Date: January 20, 2018; Accepted Date: October 22, 2018; Published Date: 23 October 2018
Citation: Achika JI. A Review of the Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Lannea species. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2018; 2(10):442-446.  https://doi.org//10.26538/tjnpr/v2i10.1
Copyright: © 2018 Achika. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

The Lannea species belong to the Anacardiaceae family and are widely distributed throughout the world. Members of this species have been used traditionally to treat stomach ache, seminal weakness, excessive seminal emissions, ulcers, sore injuries, dyspepsia, gout, dysentery, sore eyes, leprosy, sprains and bruises, diarrhea, gastritis, rheumatic pain, sterility, scurvy, epilepsy and intestinal helminthiasis and hematochezia. In traditional medicine, some members of this species are used as astringent, while the leaf extract of some plants of this species are used in treating inflammations, sprains and body pain. The juice extracted from the leaves of plants belonging to this species are taken orally to treat toothache while their stem bark is made into a paste and used to treat body pains. The Lannea species are used as antidote in coma caused by narcotics and to stop bleeding and prevent tetanus. Phytochemical investigations of the Lannea species have revealed that many chemical constituents from this family are highly bioactive. Although, the medicinal properties of Lannea species are recognized worldwide, there is no review article on the phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of the Lannea species. The present paper reviews the medicinal properties alongside with peculiar phytoconstituent, biological activity, isolated compounds and pharmacological activities of various plants of the Lannea species. The medicinal properties of these plants could be attributed to the availability of a broad range of bioactive constituents such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenoids (monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, and triterpenes) and sterols reported in this species.

Keywords: Pharmacology, Anacardiaceae, Lannea, phytochemistry, antioxidant.
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ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83

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