GC-MS Analysis of Essential Oil Composition and Insecticidal Activity of Syzygium aromaticum against Callosobruchus Maculatus of Chickpea

Allali Aimad1*, Rezouki Sanae1, Slim Mostafa1, Mansouri Dalal1, Eloutassi Noureddine2 and Fadli Mohamed1
1Laboratory of Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Productions, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ibn Tofail (ITU), Kenitra Morocco
2Regional Center for the Trades of Education and Training (CRMEF), Fez-Morocco

Corresponding Author: bioallali@gmail.com; Tel: +2120678673220
Recieved Date: 09 February 2021; Accepted Date: 01 May 2021; Published Date: 03 June
Citation: Aimad A, Sanae R, Mostafa S, Dalal M, Noureddine E, Mohamed F. GC-MS Analysis of Essential Oil Composition and Insecticidal Activity of Syzygium Aromaticum against Callosobruchus Maculatus of Chickpea. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(5):844-849. http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i5.9
Copyright:
 © 2021 Aimad et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Visit for more related articles at  Tropical Journal of Natural Product Research







ABSTRACT

The beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) is a destructive pest of stored chickpea seeds. The use of plant materials rather than conventional pesticides to control these pests is a promising alternative to chemical insecticides. The present study evaluated the insecticidal activity of clove essential oils by three different methods on Callosobruchus maculatus. The oils were obtained by hydro-distillation with a yield of 6.3 ± 0.23% and analyzed by GC-MS. In total, 65 compounds representing 99.92% of the oil were identified and the main components 80.26% Eugenol, 9.62% Eugenyl acetate, 6.74% ?-Caryophyllene and 1.14% C-Humulene. The results of the insecticidal activity of S. aromaticum on C. maculatus performed by inhalation shows that a significant mortality was observed at a concentration of 20 ?l/l against insects exposed at 24 hours (6.67%), 48 hours (36.67%) and 72 hours (100%). Contact test results are lower than those produced by inhalation. Essential oil decreased oviposition and fully suppressed adult growth at the highest dose of 20 ?l/l of air per contact and inhalation test. The results of the present research have shown that EO had a high effectiveness against C. maculatus, and in another hand, these results can be used as a source of natural product to avoid the contamination of chickpea seeds, and also as an alternative to chemical products.

Keywords: Insecticidal activity, Oviposition, Mortality, Contact, Inhalation 
Back to Articles

ISSN: 2616-0684 (Print)
ISSN: 2616-0692 (Online)
DOI: 10.26538/tjnpr
Index Copernicus Value (ICV) for 2017: 59.83
Scopus citescore 0.3 (2020)

Indexing & Abstracting

citescore 0.3 (2020)

j-gate logo

International Innovative Journal Impact Factor

African Index Medicus

CAS

Index Copernicus International

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Crossref Content Registration logo

WorldCat Discovery Service

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research