Potential of Orthosiphon aristatus Blume Miq as Antiviral: A Review

Fahrauk Faramayuda1,2*, Totik Sri Mariani3, Elfahmi Elfahmi1,4, Sukrasno Sukrasno1
1School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Bandung, West Java 40132, Indonesia, 
2Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani (UNJANI), Cimahi, West Java 40532, Indonesia 
3School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Bandung, West Java 40132, Indonesia 
4Biosceinces and Biotechnology Research Center, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Bandung, West Java 40132, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: sukras@fa.itb.ac.id; Tel: +62 812-2323-405
Recieved Date: 6 December 2020; Accepted Date: 13 March 2021; Published Date: 03 March
Citation: Faramayuda F, Mariani TS, Elfahmi E, Sukrasno S. Potential of Orthosiphon aristatus Blume Miq as Antiviral: A Review. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(3):410-419. doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i3.1 http://www.doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i3.1
Copyright: © 2021 Faramayuda et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Orthosiphon aristatus Blume Miq is one of the commonly used medicinal plants known to have many benefits, including antiviral activity. Components of the main secondary metabolites of O. aristatus are sinensetin, rosmarinic acid, and eupatorin. The development of plants or drugs that have the potential to act as antiviral agent during the Covid-19 pandemic continues. Based on previous research reports, the main secondary metabolite content in O. aristatus could have antiviral activity. The present review was done by searching and analyzing research journals on the potential for active content of O. aristatus in inhibiting the growth or replication of viruses. There has been no previous review regarding the potential for O. aristatus as an antiviral agent, therefore this review is expected to provide information about potential sources of antivirals originating from the O. aristatus plant.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Antiviral, Covid-19, Anti-influenza virus, Antiherpetic, Anti HIV.
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