Effect of Aqueous Extract of Momordica charantia on Survival, Locomotive Behaviour and Antioxidant Status of Drosophila melanogaster 

Opeyemi C. De-Campos1,2*, Modupe P. Layole1, Franklyn N. Iheagwam1,2, Solomon O. Rotimi1,2, Shalom N. Chinedu1,2

1Department of Biochemistry, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Canaan Land, PMB 1023 Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
2Covenant University Public Health and Wellbeing Research Cluster (CUPHERC),Covenant University, Canaan Land, PMB 1023 Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

Corresponding Author: opeyemi.decampos@covenantuniversity.edu.ng; Tel: +2347062246775
Recieved Date: October 10, 2020; Accepted Date: January 28, 2021; Published Date: 03 February 2021
Citation: De Campos OC, Layole MP, Iheagwam FN, Rotimi SO, Chinedu SN. Effect of Aqueous Extract of Momordica charantia on Survival, Locomotive Behaviour and Antioxidant Status of Drosophila melanogaster. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(1):178-181.  https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i1.23
Copyright: © 2021 De Campos  et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Momordica charantia, commonly known as bitter gourd, is a therapeutic plant popularly known for its antidiabetic potential in folklore medicine. This study investigated the effect of aqueous leaf extract of M. charantia (AMC) on survival rate, locomotive behaviour and antioxidant response in Drosophila melanogaster.  Adult flies were fed with different concentrations of AMC (0-100 mg/mL) for 12 days, and their locomotive behaviour and whole-body antioxidant status were assessed at 0, 2, 4 and 8 mg/mL of AMC.  Results showed a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the survival rate and locomotive behaviour of flies at 8, 16 and 50 mg/mL of AMC compared to the control. There was no significant difference in malondialdehyde content, GSH level and SOD activity of flies exposed to 2, 4, and 8 mg/mL of AMC compared to the control group. Glutathione-s-transferase activity at 8 mg/mL of AMC increased significantly (p < 0.05) when compared to the control group.  Acetylcholinesterase activity also increased in a dose-dependent manner with a significant increase at 4 and 8 mg/mL of AMC. The evidence from this study suggests that low to moderate doses of aqueous extract of Momordica charantia slightly improved survival rate of flies. It also increased the activities of acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant enzymes.

Keywords: M. charantia, Survival rate, D. melanogaster, Locomotive Behaviour, Antioxidant.
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