Microbial Profile and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Microbes Isolated from Wash Hand Basins in Covenant University

Solomon U. Oranusi, Valerie T. Ejor, Oyewumi O. Oshamika*, Bunmi K. Olopade, Elizabeth A. Onibokun
Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Canaanland, PMB 1023 Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
Corresponding Author: oyewumi.oshamika@covenantuniversity.edu.ng; Tel: +2348032109630
Recieved Date: September 07, 2020; Accepted Date: January 22, 2021; Published Date: 03 February 2021
Citation: Oranusi SU, Ejor VT, Oshamika OO, Olopade BK, Onibokun EA. Microbial Profile and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Microbes Isolated from Wash Hand Basins in Covenant University. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2021; 5(1):122-125. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v5i1.16
Copyright: © 2021 Oranusi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Although, wash-hand basins aid in the disposal of washouts from contaminated hands, unsanitised basins can be a source of cross-contamination. The aim of this study was to analyse the microbial profiles and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates from wash-hand basins in selected areas in Covenant University. A total of 70 swab samples were collected from wash-hand basins in the laboratories, cafeteria, and lavatories around the hostels and classroom areas. The isolates were identified based on their colonial, microscopic, and biochemical characteristics. The antibiotic susceptibility of selected isolates was determined using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. A total of seven bacteria and nine fungal isolates were obtained from the swab samples. The most occurring bacteria and fungi were Staphylococcus aureus (100%) and Aspergillus sp. (88%), respectively. Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. were isolated from the wash-basins in the lavatories in the students’ hostel. A 100% sensitivity to amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was observed in the enteric bacteria. Pathogenic Staphylococcus sp. was sensitive to Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefuroxime, and cloxacillin. Wash-hand basins could serve as a reservoir for the potential transmission of antibiotic-resistant organisms and may be of public health concern.

Keywords: Wash-basin, Hand-hygiene, Antibiotic-resistance, Bacteria, Fungi. 
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