Supplementation of Synbiotic Content of Moringa oleifera Extract and Lactobacillus to Improve Growth Performance in Starter Phase Diet of Broiler Chicken

Widya P. Lokapirnasari1*, Mirni Lamid1, Rochmah Kurnijasanti2, Nova Teriyanto3, Ajeng T. Kartika3, Evania H. Chandra4, Kornelia K. Riong4, Andreas B. Yulianto5
1Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
2Department of Veterinary Basic Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
4Magister of Veterinary Agribusiness, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
5Sains Veteriner Doctoral Program, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: widyaparamitalokapirnasari@gmail.com; Tel: +6285731469579
Recieved Date: October 11, 2020; Accepted Date: December 18, 2020; Published Date: 02 January 2021
Citation: Lokapirnasari WP, Lamid M, Kurnijasanti R, Teriyanto N, Kartika AT, Chandra EH, Riong KK, Yulianto AB. Supplementation of Synbiotic Content of Moringa oleifera Extract and Lactobacillus to Improve Growth Performance in Starter Phase Diet of Broiler Chicken. Trop J Nat Prod Res. 2020; 4(12): 1096-1100. https://doi.org/10.26538/tjnpr/v4i12.11
Copyright: © 2020 Lokapirnasari et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ABSTRACT

Prebiotics are substrates that can be used to increase the growth of probiotics.  Oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and galacto-oligosaccharides have important functions as prebiotics to improve intestinal health through increased growth of beneficial bacteria. Synbiotics are combinations of probiotic bacteria and prebiotic food ingredients. This study examined the synbiotic effects of Moringa oleifera extract as prebiotic and probiotic incorporating Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus plantarum on the growth performance starter phase of broiler chickens. The dietary treatments comprised of the starter basal diet control and supplemented with 1% prebiotic + 1% probiotic, 2% prebiotic + 1% probiotic and 1% prebiotic + 2% probiotic, 2% prebiotic + 2% probiotic, respectively. The results showed that there is a significant difference (p<0.05) between control and treatment. Furthermore, the supplementation of 1% prebiotic + 2% probiotic produces the highest body weight values. Meanwhile, the lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR) and the highest feed efficiency were supplemented with 1% prebiotic + 2% probiotic, 2% prebiotic + 2% probiotic, 1% prebiotic + 1% probiotic, which was similar to the supplementation with 2% prebiotic + 1% probiotic, while the lowest feed consumption was found in 2% prebiotic + 2% probiotic. Therefore, based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that supplementation of 1% to 2% prebiotic and 1% to 2% probiotic has the ability to enhance the production performance of starter phase broilers compared to the control.

Keywords: Broiler, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, Moringa oleifera extract.
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